The severity and type of injury determine the first line of treatment. Some injuries, such as complex fractures, ruptured ligaments, and some meniscus tears, need surgical repair.

Most sports injuries, however, are treated with rest or immobilization, modifying your activities, and using therapies to reduce the swelling and pain. In addition to standard care such as ice and heat, you may need therapeutic injections or anti-inflammatory medication.

At every stage of your recovery, physical therapy is a cornerstone of treatment. You need to engage in passive and active exercises to promote healing, reduce inflammation, rebuild your strength, and restore mobility.

As your healing progresses, your rehabilitation includes exercises and training specific to your sport, so you’re prepared to return to play.